Publications

01 Jan 05

Income inequality and self-rated health status: Evidence from the European Community Household Panel.

Authors: HILDEBRAND Vincent, VAN KERM Philippe.

Abstract: We examine the e¤ect of income inequality on individual self-rated health status in a pooled sample of 10 member states of the European Union using longitudinal data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) survey. Taking advantage of the longitudinal and cross- national nature of our data, and carefully modelling the self-reported health information, we avoid several of the pitfalls su¤ered by earlier studies on this topic. We calculate income inequality indices measured at two stan- dard levels of geography (NUTS-0 and NUTS-1) and .nd consistent evi- dence that income inequality is negatively related to self-rated health status in the European Union for both men and women. However, despite its sta- tistical signi.cance, the magnitude of the impact of inequality on health is small.

Reference: HILDEBRAND Vincent, VAN KERM Philippe. Income inequality and self-rated health status: Evidence from the European Community Household Panel. CEPS/INSTEAD, 2005, IRISS Working Papers n°2005-01, 61 p.

Keywords:
inequality,
self-rated,
community