Gender Differences in Unemployment Dynamics and Initial Wages over the Business Cycle.Keywords:
Reference: NAGORE GARCIA Amparo. Gender Differences in Unemployment Dynamics and Initial Wages over the Business Cycle. LISER, 2017, Working Papers n°2017-06, 40 p.Authors:
Abstract: Using administrative data from Spanish Social Security for the period 2002-2013, we explore differences between unemployed men and women in their probabilities to find a job, their initial wages if they find a new job, and the likelihood to fall back into unemployment. We estimate bivariate proportional hazard models for unemployment duration and for the consecutive job duration for men and women separately, and decompose the gender gap using a non-linear Oaxaca decomposition. Gender differentials in labour market outcomes are procyclical, probably due to the procyclical nature of typically male occupations. While a higher level of education protects women in particular from unemployment, having children hampers women’s employment and initial wages after unemployment. There are lower gender gaps in the public sector and in high technology- firms. Decompositions show that the gender gaps are not explained by differences in sample composition. Indeed, if women had similar characteristics to men, the gender gap would be even wider.
JEL: C14, E32, J62, J64.