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12 Jun 17

The impact of growing up poor in Europe.

Authors: BELLANI Luna, BIA Michela.

Abstract: The impact of poverty during childhood on individuals’ economic outcomes later in life is a topic of active research and a major policy concern in many developed as well as developing countries. Existing literature has focused typically on the estimates of the intergenerational elasticity in income or earnings of parents and their offspring. (See among others, Altonji and Dunn (2000), Chadwick and Solon (2002), for the United States; and Björklund et al. (2001) for Scandinavian Countries; Blanden et al. (2007), Ermisch and Nicoletti (2007) for Britain; Mocetti (2007) for Italy; and Lefranc et al. (2010) for France and Japan.) Together, these contributions provide evidence from several countries, mainly suggesting that the United States and the United Kingdom tend to have higher rates of intergenerational persistence, and, hence, less socioeconomic mobility than other countries, while the Scandinavian countries experience the higher intergenerational mobility in earnings. Focusing on poverty (rather than earnings or income) persistence across generations, research has highlighted that growing up in a poor family raises the probability of falling below the poverty threshold in adulthood (see Jenkins and Siedler (2007) for a comprehensive survey on industrialised countries) (...)

Reference: BELLANI Luna, BIA Michela. The impact of growing up poor in Europe. In: Anthony B. Atkinson, Anne-Catherine Guio and Eric Marlier (Eds.) Monitoring social inclusion in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union, 2017, pp. 449-462.

Keywords:
poor family,
Europe,
poverty,
EU-SILC,
social inclusion

Linked publications
ATKINSON Anthony B., GUIO Anne-Catherine, MARLIER Eric.
Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union, 2017, coll. Statistical Books, 551 p.
GUIO Anne-Catherine, GORDON David, MARLIER Eric.
In: Anthony B. Atkinson, Anne-Catherine Guio and Eric Marlier (Eds.) Monitoring social inclusion in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union, 2017, pp. 209-224.
ATKINSON Anthony Barnes, GUIO Anne-Catherine, MARLIER Eric.
In: Anthony B. Atkinson, Anne-Catherine Guio and Eric Marlier (Eds.) Monitoring social inclusion in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2017, pp. 31-50.
TÖRMÄLEHTO Veli-Matti, JANTTI Markus, MARLIER Eric.
In: Anthony B. Atkinson, Anne-Catherine Guio and Eric Marlier (Eds.) Monitoring social inclusion in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union, 2017, pp. 499-508.