Publications

12 Apr 18

The case for NIT+FT in Europe. An empirical optimal taxation exercise.

Authors: ISLAM Nizamul, COLOMBINO Ugo.

Abstract: We present an exercise in empirical optimal taxation for a sample of European countries from three areas: Southern, Central and Northern Europe. For each country, we estimate a microeconometric model of labour supply for both couples and singles. A procedure that simulates the households’ choices under given tax-transfer rules is then embedded in a constrained optimization program in order to identify optimal rules under the public budget constraint. The optimality criterion is the class of Kolm’s social welfare function. The tax-transfer rules considered as candidates are members of a class that includes as special cases various versions of the Negative Income Tax: Conditional (means-tested) Basic Income, Unconditional Basic Income, In-Work Benefits and General Negative Income Tax, combined with a Flat Tax above the exemption level. The analysis in most cases show that: the General Negative Income Tax strictly dominates the other rules, including the current ones; the Unconditional Basic Income policy is better than the Conditional Basic Income policy; Conditional Basic Income policy may lead to a significant reduction in labour supply and poverty-trap effects; In-Work-Benefit policy is strictly dominated by the General Negative Income Tax and by the Unconditional Basic Income.

Reference: ISLAM Nizamul, COLOMBINO Ugo. The case for NIT+FT in Europe. An empirical optimal taxation exercise. LISER, 2018, Working Papers n°2018-08, 56 p.

Keywords:
Basic Income,
Negative Income Tax,
Optimal tax,
Micro-simulation,
Welfare

JEL: C18, H21.