Publications

04 Jul 18

Taking the Skill Bias out of Global Migration.

Authors: BIAVASCHI Costanza, BURZYNSKI Michal, ELSNER Benjamin, MACHADO Joël.

Abstract: Global migration is heavily skill-biased, with tertiary-educated workers being four times more likely to migrate than workers with a lower education. In this paper, we quantify the global impact of this skill bias in migration. Based on a quantitative multi-country model with trade, we compare the current world to a counterfactual with the same number of migrants, where all migrants are neutrally selected from their countries of origin. We find that most receiving countries benefit from the skill bias in migration, while a small number of sending countries is significantly worse off. The negative effect in many sending countries is completely eliminated — and often reversed — once we account for remittances and additional migration-related externalities. In a model with all our extensions, the average welfare effect of skill-biased migration in both OECD and non-OECD countries is positive.

Reference: BIAVASCHI Costanza, BURZYNSKI Michal, ELSNER Benjamin, MACHADO Joël. Taking the Skill Bias out of Global Migration. LISER, 2018, Working Papers n°2018-11, 72 p.

Keywords:
migration,
skill selection,
global welfare,
Skill bias,
remittances,
brain gain,
brain drain

JEL: F22.

Project: The impact of policies on immigration flows and immigrant’s behavior

Linked publications
MACHADO Joël.
In: Le Forum - Bruxelles contre les inégalités (Eds.) Pauvrophobie - Petite encyclopédie des idées reçues sur la pauvreté. Les Éditions Luc Pire, 2018, pp. 77-79.
DELOGU Marco, DOCQUIER Frédéric, MACHADO Joël.
Journal of Economic Growth, 2018, vol. 23, n°2, pp. 223-258.
CHABÉ-FERRET Bastien, MACHADO Joël, WAHBA Jackline.
Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2018, vol. 68, pp. 56-72.
MACHADO Joël.
Journal of Demographic Economics, 2017, vol. 83, n°4, pp. 445-492.