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Publication Details

16 Jul 19

Mobility among older adults: Deconstructing the effects of motility and movement on wellbeing.

Authors: CUIGNET Timothée, PERCHOUX Camille, CARUSO Geoffrey, KLEIN Olivier, KLEIN Sylvain, CHAIX Basile, KESTENS Yan, GERBER Philippe.

Online First: 16/07/2019

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1177/0042098019852033

Abstract:

Daily mobility has been shown to contribute to the wellbeing of older adults, as it promotes healthy and independent living. However, very little is known about how the complex relationships between locations, geographic environments and daily mobility relate to wellbeing. In the current paper, we rely on the concept of ‘motility’– defined as potential mobility– and the concept of ‘movement’– defined as actual mobility– to take a step forwards in disentangling the relationship between mobility and wellbeing. We further examine how both motility and movement relate to two complementary definitions of wellbeing: hedonic wellbeing as a measurement of happiness, and eudaimonic wellbeing as the actualisation of an individual’s human potential. To investigate this relationship, we draw up a conceptual framework stressing pathways linking mobility to wellbeing, which we empirically test using structural equation modelling on a stratified sample of 470 older adults. We first quantitatively confirm that motility is defined by access, competences, appropriation and attitudes to modes of transportation. We then observe that motility has direct effects on eudaimonic wellbeing and, to a lesser extent, on hedonic wellbeing. Part of the motility effects on wellbeing are mediated by movement. Separating mobility into motility and movement stresses the independent and complementary role that potential and realised mobility play in shaping older adults’ wellbeing.

Reference: CUIGNET Timothée, PERCHOUX Camille, CARUSO Geoffrey, KLEIN Olivier, KLEIN Sylvain, CHAIX Basile, KESTENS Yan, GERBER Philippe. Mobility among older adults: Deconstructing the effects of motility and movement on wellbeing. Urban Studies, 2019.

Keywords:
health,
method,
neighbourhood,
planning,
transport

Project: Understanding the Role of Contrasting Urban Contexts in Healthy Ageing: An International Study of Daily Mobility and Active Living Using Wearable Sensor Devices across Cohorts

Linked publications
PERCHOUX Camille, BRONDEEL Ruben, WASFI Rania, KLEIN Olivier, CARUSO Geoffrey, VALLÉE Julie, KLEIN Sylvain, THIERRY benoit, DIJST Martin, CHAIX Basile, KESTENS Yan, GERBER Philippe.
Journal of Transport and Health, 2019, vol. 13, pp. 170-184.
BRONDEEL Ruben, WASFI Rania, PERCHOUX Camille, CHAIX Basile, GERBER Philippe, GAUVIN Lise (et al)
Journal of transport and Health, 2019, vol. 12, pp. 229-236.
KESTENS Yan, CHAIX Basile, GERBER Philippe, DESPRES Michel, GAUVIN Lise, KLEIN Olivier, KLEIN Sylvain, KÖPPEN Bernhard, LORD Sébastien, NAUD Alexandre, PAYETTE Hélène, RICHARD Lucie, RONDIER Pierre, SHARECK Martine, SUEUR Cédric, THIERRY Benoit, VALLEE Julie and WASFI Rania.
BMC Geriatrics, 2016, vol. 16, n°96, pp. 1-12.