Crossing borders

The increasing trends of cross-border movements, fuelled by factors such as the free movement of individuals within the EU, political instability, climate change, and global inequality, pose significant challenges for EU countries. These movements encompass a wide range of people, including refugees, regular migrants, and daily transnational commuters. The trends in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg are even more striking than in other industrialised countries. They have far-reaching implications in all segments of society, affecting labour markets, public finances, social cohesion, and regional governance in border areas. To address these challenges and provide relevant guidance to policymakers, it is crucial to have tools for monitoring, analysing, and understanding the causes and consequences of these flows. The cross-departmental Research Programme on Crossing Borders has specific objectives:

  1. Assess the size and composition of historical and recent cross-border flows and understand the underlying drivers.
  2. Utilise innovative data sources to study the interplay between different forms of mobility.
  3. Analyse the economic and societal impacts of these flows on all stakeholders involved.
  4. Develop projection tools to anticipate future movements.
  5. Create tools to assist policymakers in maximizing the benefits and/or minimizing the costs of current and future movements for European countries in general, and for Luxembourg society in particular.
  6. Provide databases and expert analyses to stakeholders and civil society, enabling them to assess the driving forces and consequences of policy actions.
  7. Contribute to the training of PhD researchers in these subject areas.

A word from the programme leader, Frédéric Docquier

Cross-border mobility has been a key research focus at LISER for many years. The three departments have a strong tradition of studying people's movements within the Greater Region and other parts of Europe. In 2019, the Research Programme on Crossing Borders was established to bring together ongoing research activities and new projects under a unified platform.This programme aligns with LISER's objectives of academic excellence and societal impact. It creates a research environment that promotes publications in international journals, enhances research visibility, and encourages participation in scientific networks. Additionally, the programme aims to inform public authorities and socio-economic actors, involve stakeholders in co-creation activities, and raise public awareness of societal challenges.

Since 2020, LISER has achieved recognition as one of the world's top 10 institutions in the field of Economics of Human Migration due to its significant research contributions in this area.
— Frédéric Docquier

Flagship projects and activities

Alongside ongoing research projects conducted at the department level, several projects and activities are emblematic of the activities initiated by the Research Programme on Crossing Borders: