Composition démographique des entreprises et bien-être au travail
The purpose of this project is to study the link between demographic diversity within the firm and job satisfaction in the context of a multicultural country. Different psychological and economic theories show that demographic makeup is linked to satisfaction (Becker, 1957; Byrne, 1971; Akerlof and Kranton, 2000). However, if diversity is negatively linked to well-being, some theories posit that employees’ satisfaction will be highest when the size of the demographic groups are more balanced (Blau, 1977). The empirical literature that has addressed this question suffers from some limitations. One of them is that they do not take into account the level of interaction between the different demographic groups inside firm. The effect of diversity will be different depending on whether the demographic groups work together or work independently. The interactions are important to take into account because they can moderate the link between job satisfaction and demographic diversity. The high proportion of immigrant and cross-border workers in the Luxembourg labor market (in 2015, 44% of the Luxembourg’s workforce is composed of cross-border workers and 27% of immigrants) and the survey on Working conditions and quality of work life conducted by LISER in 2013 provide a unique opportunity to study the question of the link between demographic diversity and job satisfaction. The survey covers standard questions regarding self-reported job satisfaction at work, as well as a host of individual and job characteristics. Moreover, it also includes questions regarding teamwork and teams’ demographic compositions.