Evolution of the total resident population of Luxembourg (1971-2021)
Ageing of the population varies by canton
From 1947 to 2011, in most cantons, the number of inhabitants aged under 15 fell slightly while the number of over 65 increased. Some regions of the country were more affected by this phenomenon, particularly in the south.
Increasing numbers of foreign residents
The population of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg doubled between 1905 and 2011. This demographic growth was primarily caused by an influx of foreign nationals. By January 1st, 2015, 46% of the country’s total population consisted of non-Luxembourgers.
Inevitable ageing of the population of Luxembourg
Increasing life expectancy combined with a gradual fall in birth and fertility rates are causing an overall ageing of the population in Luxembourg. A comparison between the country’s age pyramids for 1871 and 2011 bears witness to a significant change in its age structure.