Domestic employment 1994-2021
Employment boosted by influx of cross-border workers
In recent decades, paid employment has more than doubled in Luxembourg, primarily because of the influx of cross-border workers coming from France, Germany and Belgium.
Cross-border and foreign resident workers no longer shield Luxembourg from the consequences of demographic ageing
In most European countries, the national population is the main source of its workforce. Therefore, the demographic ageing of the national population influences directly the ageing of the workforce. Luxembourg is a special case in Europe because the ageing of its workforce is also linked to the ageing of cross-border and foreign resident workers.